Clothing is one of the main characteristics of any culture. It is also considered to be a dominant figure that helps to attract the attention and interests of foreigners to the related culture. Some people see clothing as a simple tool to cover the body and protect it from external elements. In any case, it has been proven throughout history that clothing transcends this external work and goes deeper into determining the character of the person who wears it, as well as telling which culture it belongs to. Different cultures have developed various ways of creating clothing from the fabric; over time, these clothes have become an essential part of them and have become the medium that shows the lifestyle of their wearers.
HISTORY AND STYLES
Morocco is a very ancient country, dating back thousands of years. The Moroccans still wear the traditional clothing of their predecessors without variation or influence of Western fashion. This long history, in addition to the numerous events that have taken place there, has directly and indirectly affected the clothing style of the Moroccan people. Many people came to Morocco, such as Berbers, Phoenicians, Arabs and Romans. This diversity clarifies and justifies the presence of various styles of clothing in Morocco. In any case, clothing for women and men in Morocco consists of long hooded garments and traditional slippers. These magnificent dresses have been worn since ancient times in Moroccan history, and are still worn today.
MEN’S POPULAR SUIT
Men in Morocco and North Africa generally wear what is called Djellabah. It’s a long outer dress with full sleeves. Originally they were made of wool. Anyway, today Djellabahs made of cotton are more dominant worldwide. This dress is known for its different colours, which give it beauty and charm. Men in Morocco often wear light-coloured Djellabah together with a traditional Fez or Tarbush which is a conventional headdress that is usually red and sometimes with a tassel attached to its top and a soft yellow babouche or Balgha which are smell-less slippers made of leather mainly for religious events and wedding ceremonies. The Job is a wide hood that is included in the Djellabah that reaches a point on the back of it. The Qob is used as a protector against rain and sand thrown by strong desert winds. In warm weather, this Qob is turned into a pocket where bread and bread can be placed. The djellabahs were made of coarse wool which is obtained from sheep living in the nearby mountains. Most female Djellabahs are brightly coloured and have ornamented, sewn or bevelled patterns, while male Djellabahs are usually flattered and of a neutral colour.
WOMEN’S FASCINATING DRESSES
Unlike Kaftan, which is a one-piece dress, the Takchita is a traditional Moroccan dress that consists of two parts; the first layer is called Takchita and the second Dfina. The Takchita is worn mainly by women for celebrations, especially at weddings. The top layer is usually decorated with embroidery and sequins. You can see the latest interpretations of traditional Moroccan clothing, particularly the Takchita, at the annual Caftan fashion show in Morocco. Women in Morocco also wear the so-called Haik, which is a traditional white garment made of silk and wool. Haik covers the whole body except the face and hands and is worn mainly in cold and conservative areas in Morocco. Unlike this winter suit, there is a beautiful summer suit called The Gandoura. Gandoura is a summer suit worn by both men and women in Morocco. It is a traditional Berber costume with short sleeves and side pockets. Moroccans like it for its comfort, and it is very popular and well known also in Morocco and Algeria.
ALADDIN PANTS AND SAHRAWI FASHION
Another traditional costume in Morocco are the Qandrissi pants. Millions of people around the world have seen the film Aladdin and have also been vacuumed by their underwear. Qandrissi is originally a Persian costume. However, Moroccans wear it and love it too. These pants are comfortable, practical and baggy. Moroccan men used to wear them for the most part. These pants attract tourists because they come in different sizes and colours. As mentioned above, Morocco is made up of several societies that justify the diversity with regard to clothing and dresses. In the Sahara, for example, which is located to the south of Morocco, men wear the Deraa, which is a loose and open Gandoura next to it to keep the body ventilated. The Sahrawi men wear Qandrissi trousers under their Deraa.
Deraa comes mainly in two colors, blue for everyday life and white for weddings and private ceremonies. However, the women of Sara wear Melhfa, which is different from Djellabah. Saharawi women use Melhfa to protect themselves from the sands blown by strong desert winds. Melhfa is a large fabric with bright colours, usually worn in black and blue. In any case, today the Melhfa are worn in brighter colours. Despite the expansion of Western clothing styles worldwide, the new Moroccan generation continues to use these clothing patterns. This is in fact due to their practicality, especially in adverse weather conditions in the Sahara.
It has been proven throughout the world that clothing is an important part of any culture. Alongside the natural sites, landscapes, gastronomy and all the attractive parts of any country, clothing is considered as a leading figure both to attract tourists and to reflect the cultural, religious and regional identity of the people. Morocco is shaped by the diversity that, in any case, is reflected in the multiple styles of clothing found in it. As a visitor, it will be a great opportunity to experience all these fascinating dresses and feel the historical spirit associated with them. If you want to spread this information, you are welcome to share it and make people see how beautiful Morocco and its clothing culture is.